Human immunodeficiency virus affects human's immune system, killing specific protective T-cells. As a result, the body gradually loses ability to struggle against infection.Regrettably the organism can't throw off a virus completely, even with specific treatment. If left uncured, HIV leads to acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
You might be interested, how this life-threatening can be transmitted from one person to another. In the majority of cases, people get HIV through unprotected intercourse or because of contaminated needle and syringe using. Virus can penetrate into your body only with certain infected fluids like blood, semen, vaginal or pre-seminal fluid and breast milk.
Risky sexual behaviors, homosexual male terms, injection-drug abuse boost the hazards of getting HIV. The problem is also, that immunodeficiency can progress in human's body without causing any specific symptoms, particularly on early stages.
First flu-like symptoms become apparent within 2 to 4 weeks after getting infection. This period is called acute retroviral syndrome, which lasts on the average one or two weeks.
As this stage of disease ends,infection passes into chronic condition (clinical latency). Though virus is still active and continues to attack human’s immune system, this phase can last for many years without HIV-related signs. Progression of disorder develops individually, depending on state of health, lifestyle and treatment.
People, who take antiretroviral medications regularly, may stay on this stage for tens of years. However those, who get treatment, can nevertheless transmit HIV to other people.
How can you recognize HIV existence in your body? Check out these symptoms: #1. Fever – actually fever is a normal response of your immune system to infection. Persistent mild fever (between 99.8F and 100.8F) is one of the first HIV symptoms. Remember that increased body temperature may be caused by wide variety of other conditions and diseases.
#2. Swollen lymph nodes – being the part of immune system, lymph nodes store specific protective cells and filter harmful agents. They locate all over your body, including the head, neck, underarm and groin. If HIV develops, your lymph nodes become enlarged and stay swollen for several month.
#3. Skin rashes – sores, lesions and rashes on the genitals, anus or mouth can be warning signs of HIV, as the skin becomes greatly susceptible to irritants and sun rays. Moreover immunodeficient people are more likely to experience herpes and shingles.
#4. Extreme fatigue – don't panic, your exhaustion at the end of the workday is not a sign of HIV. It’s worth consulting with medical professional, if having long-term inexplicable fatigue, which doesn't go away after sleep and rest. Lack of energy may indicate numerous health problems, including HIV.
#5. Yeast infection – thrush is a rather common problem among women. For HIV-positive women it might be more difficult to get rid of candidiasis. Besides genital area, yeast infection can also affect mouth and even esophagus, causing swallowing problems. Immunodeficiency increases hazards of getting sexually transmitted infections, such as trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia and papillomavirus.
In more advanced cases HIV can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, extreme weight loss, muscle and joint aches, chronic cough. It's a good idea to get tested, even if you're not suspected to have HIV in order to know your status exactly.
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