Numerous articles tell us about the hazards of diabetes and the close link between your lifestyle and this disorder. What do we actually know about diabetes? First of all it refers to metabolic diseases and keeps your blood sugar increased. Your body normally uses glucose for energy.
It converts sugar from the food you eat with the aid of the hormone insulin which is produced by pancreas. The problem occurs if the synthesis of this hormone is reduced (type 1 diabetes), or if your cells lose the ability to use blood sugar effectively (type 2 diabetes).
The first type is usually a consequence of an autoimmune disorder, in which your immune system attacks your own pancreatic cells that normally produce insulin. This trouble usually manifests at a young age, that's why it's also called juvenile diabetes.
Though type 2 diabetes can develop at any age, it mainly happens after the age of 45. In the majority of cases this type of disease progresses slowly. It's not even uncommon for it not to produce any symptoms at all, especially in the early stages.
Specialists say that the underlying causes of diabetes are not only genes. Poor diet, excessive weight, unmanaged hypertension and a sedentary lifestyle boost your risks of developing type 2 diabetes. You probably know the most frequent symptoms of diabetes such as a strong thirst, frequent urination, unexplained fatigue, blurred vision, skin itching and unexplained weight loss. These warning signs are common for both men and women but have you ever heard about the symptoms which are specific to women? No? Let’s improve your knowledge!
#1. Yeast infection (both vaginal and oral) That’s right, a cottage cheese discharge from your vagina together with pain and itching in your genitals caused by Candida overgrowth may indicate that your blood sugar level is too high. Have you noticed white painful spots in your mouth, which occur in a conjunction with problematic swallowing? A doctor may diagnose oral thrush in this case. Be aware that the problem is frequently associated with the development of type 2 diabetes.
#2. Polycystic ovary syndrome It’s not only the most frequent cause of infertility. Elevated production of male hormones, androgens, in women lead to irregular menstrual periods, weight gain, excessive hair growth on the body and acne. In addition to this, surplus androgens cause insulin resistance which was found to be the main culprit of type 2 diabetes.
#3. Urinary tract infection By and large women are more likely to suffer from an infection of the urethra, kidneys, bladder and ureters. The hazards are increased in people with diabetes. The reason is that glucose levels are high both in the blood and urine presenting a perfect reproductive ground for bacteria. Urinary infection mostly manifests in frequent painful urination, burning and muddy or bloody urine.
#4. Sexual dysfunction – decreased sex drive, vaginal dryness and problems with reaching orgasm may be the result of nerve injury (diabetic neuropathy). This intimate embarrassing matter usually brings people to gynecologists and sexual health specialists. Don’t ignore these warning signs of diabetes as this metabolic disease can lead to life-threatening conditions like stroke, heart or kidney failure and blindness. Consult with your doctor if you suspect that you have increased blood sugar levels.
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